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The Columbia Shuttle was the first spaceworthy space shuttle in NASA's orbital fleet. Columbia was named after Columbia Rediviva, the 18th century American ship. Construction began in 1975 and the first mission was launched on April 12, 1981. It completed 27 missions before being destroyed during re-entry on February 1, 2003 near the end of its 28th. All seven of the crew were killed in action. Superman kept the shuttle or part of it and reconstructed it over the years in his Fortress of Solitude as a tribute.